|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
|LONG-TERM DEBT||LONG-TERM DEBT
The Company’s long-term debt consists of the following:
(1)Debt issuance costs related to the Company’s revolving credit facility of $4.4 million and $5.1 million as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, are recorded in “Other Noncurrent Assets, Net” on the balance sheets.
Revolving Credit Facility
On October 5, 2018, the Company entered into a $750.0 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with Royal Bank of Canada, as administrative agent, and the lenders from time to time party thereto. The revolving credit agreement is scheduled to mature 5 years from the closing date, provided that the maturity date shall be 91 days prior to the scheduled maturity date of the earlier of (i) the Second Lien Notes (defined below) if any Second Lien Notes remain outstanding on such date or (ii) the Purchaser Note (as defined in Note 12 below) if any principal amount of the Purchaser Note remains outstanding on such date.
The revolving credit agreement is subject to a borrowing base with maximum loan value to be assigned to the proved reserves attributable to the Company and its subsidiaries’ (if any) oil and gas properties. The borrowing base as of September 30, 2019 was $425.0 million, which is the maximum amount of borrowings that the indenture for the Second Lien Notes permits the Company to have outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility. The borrowing base will be redetermined semiannually on or around April 1st and October 1st, with one interim “wildcard” redetermination available between scheduled redeterminations. The April 1st scheduled redetermination shall be based on a January 1st engineering report audited by a 3rd party (reasonably acceptable by the Agent).
At the Company’s option, borrowings under the revolving credit agreement shall bear interest at the base rate or LIBOR plus an applicable margin. Base rate loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the greatest of: (i) the agent bank’s prime rate; (ii) the federal funds effective rate plus 50 basis points; and (iii) the adjusted LIBOR rate for a one-month interest period plus 100 basis points. The applicable margin for base rate loans ranges from 75 to 175 basis points, and the applicable margin for LIBOR loans ranges from 175 to 275 basis points, in each case depending on the percentage of the borrowing base utilized.
The revolving credit agreement contains negative covenants that limit the Company’s ability, among other things, to pay dividends, incur additional indebtedness, sell assets, enter into certain derivatives contracts, change the nature of its business or operations, merge, consolidate, or make certain types of investments. In addition, the revolving credit agreement requires that the Company comply with the following financial covenants: (i) as of the date of determination, the ratio of total net debt to EBITDAX (as defined in the revolving credit agreement) shall be no more than 4.00 to 1.00, measured on a pro forma rolling four quarter basis, and (ii) the current ratio (defined as consolidated current assets including unused amounts of the total commitments, but excluding non-cash assets under ASC 815, divided by consolidated current liabilities excluding current non-cash obligations under ASC 815 and current maturities under the Revolving Credit Facility, the Second Lien Notes and the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note) is not permitted to be less than 1.00. See Note 12 below regarding recent amendments to the foregoing covenants.
The Company’s obligations under the revolving credit agreement may be accelerated, subject to customary grace and cure periods, upon the occurrence of certain Events of Default (as defined in the revolving credit agreement). Such Events of Default include customary events for a financing agreement of this type, including, without limitation, payment defaults, the inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults in the performance of affirmative or negative covenants, defaults on other indebtedness of us or the Company’s subsidiaries, defaults related to judgments and the occurrence of a Change in Control (as defined in the revolving credit agreement).
The Company’s obligations under the Revolving Credit Facility are secured by mortgages on not less than 85% of the value of proven reserves associated with the oil and gas properties included in the determination of the borrowing base. Additionally, the Company entered into a Guaranty and Collateral Agreement in favor of the Agent for the secured parties, pursuant to which the Company’s obligations under the revolving credit agreement are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets.
Second Lien Notes due 2023
On May 15, 2018, the Company issued 8.500% senior secured second lien notes due 2023 (the “Second Lien Notes”) with an aggregate principal amount of $344.3 million (the “Original 2L Notes”) in exchange for certain previously outstanding 8.000% senior unsecured notes due June 1, 2020 (the “Unsecured Notes”). On October 5, 2018, the Company issued an additional $350.0 million aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes (the “Additional 2L Notes”), the proceeds of which were used in connection with the retirement of the Company’s prior term loan credit agreement. In addition, as of and through September 30, 2019, the Company had issued another $4.3 million of additional aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes pursuant to the interest payment-in-kind provisions thereof.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company repurchased and retired $10.1 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes.
The terms of the Second Lien Notes include those stated in the Indenture entered into on May 15, 2018 by the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (the “Original 2L Indenture”), as amended by the First Supplemental Indenture, dated September 18, 2018 (the “First Supplemental 2L Indenture”), and the Second Supplemental Indenture, dated October 5, 2018 (the “Second Supplemental 2L Indenture” and, together with the Original 2L Indenture and the First Supplemental 2L Indenture, the “2L Indenture”).
The Second Lien Notes are the senior secured obligations of the Company and rank equal in right of payment to all existing and future senior indebtedness of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Second Lien Notes are secured by second priority security interests in substantially all assets of the Company, subject to certain exceptions. The Second Lien Notes will be guaranteed by all of the Company’s direct and indirect subsidiaries that guarantee indebtedness under any other indebtedness for borrowed money of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiary guarantors. As of September 30, 2019, the Company did not have any subsidiaries. The Second Lien Notes will mature on May 15, 2023.
Interest on the Second Lien Notes accrues at a rate of 8.500% per annum payable in cash quarterly in arrears on the first day of each calendar quarter. Beginning on July 1, 2018, the interest rate was increased by 1.000% per annum, which increase shall be payable in kind (the “PIK Component”). Commencing June 30, 2018, and as of each December 31st and June 30th thereafter, if the Company’s total debt to EBITDAX ratio is (i) less than 3.00 to 1.00 as of such date, the PIK Component shall cease accruing effective as of the next interest payment date, or (ii) greater than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00 as of such date or if the Company fails to deliver financial statements, the PIK Component shall continue to accrue (or, if then not accruing, automatically commence accruing as of the next interest payment date) and be payable quarterly. The PIK Component began accruing on June 30, 2018 and ceased accruing on March 31, 2019. Additionally, if the Company incurs junior lien or unsecured debt with a cash interest rate in excess of 9.500%, the cash rate on the Second Lien Notes will be increased by such excess. Default interest will be payable in cash on demand at the then applicable interest rate plus 3.000% per annum.
The Company may redeem all or a portion of any of the Second Lien Notes at the following redemption prices during the following time periods (plus accrued and unpaid interest on the Second Lien Notes redeemed): (i) from and after May 15, 2018 until May 15, 2021, 104%, (ii) on and after May 15, 2021 until May 15, 2022, 102%, and (iii) on and after May 15, 2022, 100%; provided that any redemption of Second Lien Notes (or the acceleration of Second Lien Notes) prior to May 15, 2020 shall also be accompanied by a make whole premium. Subject to the terms of an intercreditor agreement, the Company is also required to offer to prepay the Second Lien Notes with 100% of the net cash proceeds of asset sales, casualty events and condemnations in excess of $20.0 million not required to be used to pay down the loans under the Revolving Credit Facility, subject to customary exclusions and reinvestment provisions. Mandatory prepayment offers will be subject to payment of the make whole premium and redemption price set forth above, as applicable.
If a change of control occurs, the Company will be required to offer to repurchase the Second Lien Notes at the repurchase price of 101% of the principal amount of repurchased Second Lien Notes (subject to the prepayment provisions of the Revolving Credit Facility). The Second Lien Notes contain negative covenants that limit the Company’s ability, among other things, to pay cash dividends, incur additional indebtedness, sell assets, enter into certain derivatives contracts, change the nature of its business or operations, merge, consolidate, make certain types of investments, amend other debt documents, and incur any additional debt on a subordinated or junior basis to the Revolving Credit Facility and on a senior basis to the Second Lien Notes. The Second Lien Notes do not include any financial maintenance covenants.
The obligations of the Company under the Second Lien Notes may be accelerated upon the occurrence of an Event of Default (as such term is defined in the 2L Indenture). Events of Default include customary events for a capital markets debt financing of this type, including, without limitation, payment defaults, the inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults in the performance of affirmative or negative covenants, defaults on other indebtedness of the Company or its subsidiaries, bankruptcy or related defaults, defaults related to judgments and the occurrence of a Change of Control (as such term is defined in the 2L Indenture).
Unsecured VEN Bakken Note
On July 1, 2019, in connection with the completion of the VEN Bakken Acquisition, the Company issued the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note in the original principal amount of $130.0 million. Fifty percent (50%) of the original principal amount of the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note is required to be repaid by the Company on or before January 1, 2021, and the remaining unpaid principal amount is required to be repaid by the Company on or before July 1, 2022, in each case together with all accrued but unpaid interest thereon. Interest, at a rate of 6.0% per annum, is due quarterly in arrears on the first day of each calendar quarter, commencing on October 1, 2019. The Unsecured VEN Bakken Note does not include any financial maintenance covenants and is unsecured.The obligations of the Company under the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note may be accelerated, subject to certain grace and cure periods, upon the occurrence of an event of default. Events of default include customary events, including, without limitation, payment defaults, the inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults in the performance of certain affirmative or negative covenants, defaults on other indebtedness of the Company, and bankruptcy or insolvency related defaults. The Unsecured VEN Bakken Note contains negative covenants that limit the Company’s ability, among other things, to pay dividends, repurchase equity, incur additional indebtedness, sell assets, terminate or unwind certain derivatives contracts, change the nature of its business or operations and merge or consolidate. In addition, the Unsecured VEN Bakken Note is subject to a mandatory prepayment offer in connection with a change of control.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef